Polish grammar

Polish grammar noun case identification tables 1

Polish Grammar

This is a table I created for Polish grammar noun cases.

Polish cases

Gerneral Summary of when a Polish noun case is used.

Nomitive It is used when you refer to a direct object . This is….
Who/what .
Genitive Possession, Mark’s car. Or lack of possession (I do not have a car); going towards .
Of whose/Of what
Dative Doing something ‘to’ I am giving a book to…
to who/ to what
Accusitive The direct object of most verbs; the object of some prepositions. This case refers to the indirect object, like, have, see.
Instumental Used with prepositions: z -with, przed -infront of, nad -above, pod -under, za -behind or traveling by. Saying someone is (title or category)
With whom/With what
Locative Used with prepostions: na -on, at, w -in, przy -by,at po -after, o -about
O Kim/O Czym
About who/about what
Vocative Rare-to call someone.

Another view of Polish grammar case summary with more specifics

Nomitive To jest This is
Genitive dom Marka house of Mark
szukać look for
nie not
słuchać look for
duzo many
kilka few
od from since
do to, towards, into
dla for
kolo near
z out out, from
blisko near
obok beside
daleko far
niedaleko near
w podblizu near
naprzeciw opposite
wsród amoung
wzdluz along
dokola around
naokolo around
Dative pomagać (give) help to
wyjasnij (give) trust to
dawac give to
pozwalać allow to
pozyczać lend to
zaufanie explain to
Accusitive miej have
lubić like
zobacz see
Instumental z with
przed in front of;behind
nad above
pod under,bellow
za behind
by (transportation)
labeling someone…he is american, she is a dentist.
Locative na on, at
w in
przy by,at
po after
o about,of

By Mark Biernat

Live in Krakow and St. Augustine. I love Poland
If you like what I write like this Polish site on FB.

15 replies on “Polish grammar noun case identification tables 1”

“nie’ needs ma, “nie ma”
“z” is wrong case (z Markiem, not z Marka)
“daleko” and “niedaleko” need “od (daleko od…)
zaufanie doesn’t mean “explain to” means trust, zaufanie do—2nd case,
but ufac komu, czemu: 3rd
miej needs to be miec, zobacz needs to be zobaczyc

You are right and thank you for these corrections on Polish grammar.

‘you’re’ not ‘your’

“your’ is genitive an ‘you’re’ is a contraction of ‘you are’

All verbs in infinitive end in c’ (there are some exceptions, like moc). And the verb to have is miec’, not miej. Zobacz means “you look”, I suppose you’re looking for the infinitive, which would be zobaczyc’.

wsród -> wśród
dleko -> daleko
szukac’ -> szukać
slochac look -> i’m sorry, but i don’t understand it. look -> patrzeć
słuchać -> listen
duzo -> dużo
miej have ||| have/has -> mieć
I haven’t time to writing…

szukac’ listen / szukać means look for, not listen; listen means słuchać
look means patrzeć, not słuchać.

Byłoby dobrze, gdybyś poprawił te błędy.


I’ve found some mistakes here :).
I’m native polish, then i can make some mistakes too, bot i think it will help you at all.
Słuchać- Listen- for example listen the music (Słuchać muzyki).
Dużo: many (maybe little dott above “z” but it is important)
W pobliżu (we don’t have word “w podbliżu” in PL)

Wyjaśnić means explain to and zaufać is trust to.
In accusitive you have 2 mistakes:
Mieć means have and zobaczyć i better for see or widzieć.
I think that’s all.

Thank you very much for finding these grammar corrections, I need to update the files.

I do not agree only with this what is written in comments about “w pobliżu” The word exist in Polish language and means “blisko” can be translated as “niedaleko” too.

You explained all very well amigo. I’m Spanish native speaker and I read and write English 50% . I was 3 times in the wonderful Poland, my Polish friends could not explain me the grammar very clearly. Thanks to your work here how can I well understand Genitive? The relation between two subjects? Is enough?

“accusative” not accusitive
Komu? Czemu? not Kumu? Czemu?
“Nominative” not nominitive
“instrumental” not instumental
A lot of ć missing, as well as ł.

Bardzo pomocna, wspaniała strona dla ludzi ktorzy zaczynaja uczyć się jezyka polskiego. Bardzo proszę poprawić te parę błędów o których parę osób wspomniało bo mogą one wprowadzać w błąd początkujacych. Powodzenia!

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.