Polish cases in sentences

The purpose of this lesson is to show examples of Polish noun cases.

Polish cases are the hardest, and almost only part of Polish grammar. Once you learn these first few lessons, Polish grammar is easy.

There is no theory here. It is memorizing the noun endings and using them in the right case.

This lesson theory is really just a series of examples of cases in use. Review these examples and then study the table and most important then do the drills. The drills are how you will learn nouns case endings.

Examples of Polish grammar.

Nominative

It is a house. To jest dom.
It is a flower. To jest kwiatek.
It is a car. To jest samochód.
It is a bridge. To jest most.
It is a dog. To jest pies.
It is water. To jest woda.
It is a circle. To jest koło.
It is circle. To jest koło.
It is a bed. To jest łóżko.
It is a man. To jest mężczyzna.
It is a girl. To jest dziewczynka.

Genitive

Nie mam parasola.

I do not have an umbrella

Wczoraj spotkałam przyjaciółkę.

Yesterday I meet my friend.

Pijesz za dużo kawy.

You drink too much coffee

Dative

Oddałam książkę Piotrkowi.

I gave back the book to Peter

Przyglądam się pięknemu obrazowi.

I am staring at the beautiful picture.

Ufam mu.

I trust him.

Accusative

Widzę ładnego chłopca.

I see the cute boy.

Lubię naturę.

I love nature.

Mam komputer.

I have a computer.

Instrumental-

Idę na spacer z Moniką.

I walking with Monika.

Lubię kawę z cukrem.

I love coffee love with sugar.

Oglądamy film z Nikolasem Cagem.

We are watching a film with Nicholas Cage.

Locative

Ta piosenka jest o rzece.

The song is about the river.

Stoję na moście.

I am standing on bridge.

Rozmawiamy o książce.

We are talking about the book.

Vocative

Mark->Marku!

Mark

Kasia->Kasiu!

Kate

Anta->Aneto!

Annetta

Brat->Bracie!

Brother

Bóg->Boże!

God